Indian History Part 59 The Lodi Dynasty Section I Origins of the Lodis

Singapore, 15 October 2017    Legendary Connection to Mythology The tale of the origins of the Lodis starts with their connection to Adam, the first human being according to religious mythology. It begins with the proclamation that 18 generations after Adam, Ibrahim was born. His son Yaqub, the progenitor of the Israelites had 12 sons. […]

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Indian History Part 58 The Sayyid Dynasty Section III The Later Sayyids

Singapore, 15 October 2017 Mubarak Shah had no sons and had adopted his nephew, Muhammad bin Farid, as the heir apparent. Sarwar-ul-Mulk who had by this time become very influential, elevated Muhammad to the throne while concentrating all power in his own hands. Sarwar then assumed the title of Khan-i-Jahan, distributed offices of consequence amongst […]

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Indian History Part 58 The Sayyid Dynasty Section II Sultan Mubarak Shah

Canberra, 29 September 2017 Khizr Khan nominated his son Mubarak Khan as his successor on his death bed. Mubarak assumed the throne as Muiz u-Din Fateh Mubarak Shah, with the consent of all the nobles of the court. The details of his reign are available to the historian from a chronicle called Tarikh-i-Mubarak Shahi written […]

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Indian History Part 58 The Sayyid Dynasty Section I: Khizr Khan Sayyid

 Canberra, 29 September 2017 When Timur ‘the Scourge of God’ departed India, the Delhi Sultanate was in an appalling state of disintegration. The once large empire had fragmented into small independent states, some of which were larger than the core Delhi Sultanate itself. Even so, the Sultanate endured for another 114 years, mostly in perilous […]

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Indian History Part 57 The Disintegrated Sultanate

Canberra, 24 September 2017 Even though Timur had ravaged the land and sacked Delhi, for a few more years after his departure the Tughluqs continued their internecine war for control of the Sultanate. A little over a decade later, Khizr Khan, who had been appointed by Timur as the governor of Multan, but left without […]

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Indian History Part 56 The Tughluq Dynasty Section X The Whimpering End

Canberra, 6 September 2017   Timur left North-Western India in shambles—bleeding and in utter confusion and chaos. The entire countryside was ravaged, plundered and burned to the ground making it easy for famine and pestilence to spread. Trade, commerce and other signs of normalcy had vanished along with all trappings of prosperity. The city of […]

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Indian History Part 56 The Tughluq Dynasty Section IX: A Typhoon Called Timur

  Canberra, 26 August 2017 The story of the Mongols as an all-conquering force begins with the rise of Genghis Khan. The creation of the Mongol Nation, as recorded in history, is the work of this one man. His story that started in the 12th century is a remarkable tale of an individual’s triumph over […]

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Indian History Part 56 The Tughluq Dynasty Section VIII The Later Tughluqs: A Decade of Decline

Canberra, 12 August 2017   The story of the Tughluqs after the death of Firuz Shah is one of rebellions, assassinations and deceit, within the realm of worthless sultans. It is a continuous saga of faithless ministers and nobles who manipulated their inept masters like master puppeteers. The process of political disintegration had already started […]

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India-China Relations: Complex and Out-of-Step

Canberra, 8 August 2017 On 15 May 2015, India and China came out with a joint statement acknowledging the simultaneous re-emergence of both the nations as major regional powers. This event was termed as heralding the beginning of the Asian Century in international geo-politics. The bilateral relationship between India and China influences and has repercussions […]

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Indian History Part 56 The Tughluq Dynasty Section VII: Firuz Shah Tughluq – A Sultan for Stability

Canberra, 31 July 2017   There are differing views regarding the personality and character of Firuz Shah Tughluq. Without fail all contemporary writers unanimously praise him as the most just, merciful and benevolent ruler. However, all of them were panegyrists of the realm and therefore expected to voice such praiseworthy sentiments. Taking the cue from […]

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