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Indian History Part 66 The Adil Shahis of Bijapur Section II Entrenching the Dynasty

Canberra, 18 May 2018   When Yusuf Shah died, his son Ismail Shah was only 13 or 14 years old (some reports state his age as 9 years). On his deathbed, Yusuf appointed a trusted noble, Kamal Khan to be the guardian of the young prince and also the regent till Ismail achieved majority. He […]

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Indian History Part 66 The Adil Shahis of Bijapur; Sect I: Yusuf Adil Shah Establishes a Kingdom

 Canberra, 25 April 2018 The death of Muhammad Shah in 1482 was the virtual end of the Bahmani dynasty, although a few more Bahmani sultans nominally ruled from Bidar. On Muhammad Shah’s death, Mahmud Shah his 12-year old (only eight years old according to some reports) son was placed on the throne. He was rapidly […]

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Indian History Part 65 The Bahmani Kingdom Section IV Last Days and Break-Up

Canberra, 8 April 2018    The Divisions in Court The Tarafdari system that was instituted by Hasan did not take long to become entrenched in the socio-political structure of the kingdom. Gradually, the tarafdars, the governors of the tarafs or provinces, started to acquire local prestige. This trend invariably led to greater separatist tendencies that […]

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Indian History Part 65 The Bahmani Kingdom Section III The Bidar Sultans

Canberra, 2 April 2018    Ahmad Shah Bahmani After Firuz abdicated, Ahmad Shah ascended the throne without any opposition. His minister and other supporters advised him to kill Hasan Khan, Firuz’s son, since they felt that he would be a threat to the new Sultan; even if not immediately but definitely in later times. This […]

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Indian History Part 65 The Bahmani Kingdom Section II The Gulbarga Sultans

Canberra, 31 March 2018 On his death bed, Bahman Shah nominated Prince Muhammad as his heir and exhorted all other princes and nobles to be loyal to him. Muhammad came to the throne with no opposition and celebrated his coronation with great pomp and ceremony, assuming the title Muhammad Shah. The huge expenses for the […]

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Indian History Part 65 The Bahmani Kingdom Section I: Origins

Canberra, 10 March 2018 Saturday   Background While the Madurai Sultanate was being decimated by the regional kingdoms of South India, two brothers Harihara and Bukka, established the Vijayanagar Kingdom raising it on the broken foundations of the failing dynasties of the region. The early kings of this kingdom, which was to later attain exalted […]

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Indian History Part 64 South India Section II: Prologue to Hindu Revival

Canberra, 4 March 2018    As in any number of cases in history before and after, there was an interim period of uncertainty and confusion following the overthrow of the Khilji dynasty by the Tughluqs. No doubt, the Tughluqs went on to establish one of the more significant dynasties of the Delhi Sultanate and also […]

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Indian History Part 64 South India Section I: A Tale of Three Kingdoms

Canberra, 21 February 2018   The once-great Chalukya Empire vanished at the end of 12th century, disintegrating into unrecognisable sub-states; and by early 13th century, the other great dynasty, the Cholas, were in terminal decline in a free fall. For the next century, the Deccan was dominated by the Yadavas in Devagiri and the Kakatiyas […]

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Indian History Part 63: The Bridge Between Two Eras

Canberra, 16 February 2018 The geo-cultural axis, forged along the ancient trade routes that wound its way east through the Khyber and Bolan Passes, gradually became migratory corridors into North India. Subsequently they linked South Asia and the Iranian plateau by joining Lahore to Delhi. At Delhi the migratory route trifurcated—one led directly south to […]

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Indian History Part 62 The Deccan – A Broad Overview

Canberra, 3 February 2018    The Deccan Plateau forms part of the Indian Peninsula bounded by the Vindhya Mountain Ranges and the River Godavari to the north and the Rivers Tungabhadra and Krishna to the south. The Eastern and Western Ghats, mountain ranges that skirt the sea coast on both sides of the peninsula serve […]

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