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Indian History Part 55 Khilji Militarism Section I Ascent to Power

Canberra, 12 January 2016 Origins The ancestors of the Khilji clan (also spelt Khalji in a number of texts) had migrated from Turkistan along with the early movement of Turks towards the east from Central Asia. They had settled in the Helmand region of Afghanistan, staying there for over 200 years before moving further east. […]

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SAUDI ARABIA AND IRAN: DRAWING THE BATTLE LINES

Canberra, 20 January 2016 Ever since King Salman came to power in early 2015 and brought about sweeping changes in the hierarchy within the monarchy, the administration has been pursuing a more vigorous foreign policy than the one followed by the previous regime of King Abdullah. The focused objective has been to limit to the […]

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Indian History Part 47 KASHMIR: A KINGDOM APART Section II The Utpalas and the Loharas

  Canberra, 17 January 2016 Utpala was a powerful minister serving the Karkota dynasty and also the maternal uncle of Lalitaditya. He had unsuccessfully attempted to seize power during the confusion and anarchy following Lalitaditya’s death. Utpala’s grandson, Avantivarman, managed to usurp the throne at a time when the Karkotas had reached the nadir of […]

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Indian History Part 47 KASHMIR: A KINGDOM APART Section I: The Karkota Dynasty

  Canberra, 8 January 2016 The history of Kashmir is almost inextricably intertwined with the greater history of the broader region of which it forms a part—Central Asia, Afghanistan, China and Tibet—as much as it does of the Indian sub-continent. Kashmir by itself covers a large territory, which is mountainous, rugged and in places completely […]

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A METHOD TO MADNESS? TURKEY SHOOTS DOWN A RUSSIAN FIGHTER AIRCRAFT

  Canberra, 2 December 2015 On Tuesday 23 November a Russian Air Force Su-24 Fencer ground attack aircraft was shot down by an AIM-120 AMRAAM missile fired by a Turkish Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon interceptor aircraft. The pilot was killed by ground fire after he and his navigator ejected successfully from the stricken aircraft […]

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Indian History Part 39 BENGAL RISING: Section II THE SENA DYNASTY

Jakarta, 15 April 2015 The Arrival of the Senas Choraganga, the powerful king of Kalinga acceded to the throne in 1076 and almost immediately initiated an offensive campaign to increase the territorial holdings of his kingdom. Around 1080, or maybe a few years later, he conquered the extreme north of Orissa bordering the Pala territory. […]

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Indian History Part 28 THE CENTURY OF DARKNESS Section II THE LIFE AND TIMES OF HARSHA-VARDHANA

Canberra, 12 May 2014 Harsha was not only a great warrior-king but also a distinguished statesman and an equally caring and welfare-minded king. He displayed ample skill and prudence in managing the affairs of his kingdom and was able to consolidate his initially precarious position as the king of Thanesar to subsequently become the unquestioned […]

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NATIONAL POWER IN THE 21ST CENTURY

Canberra, 24 July 2012 All nations aspire to power. However, a variety of reasons constrain most nations from achieving their desired level of power and its effective employment. In fact there are only a handful of nations that can claim to having the necessary level of power and all its trappings and more importantly, possessing […]

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