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Indian History Part 21: OF ART AND ARCHITECTURE

Canberra, 17 December 2013 Introduction All old civilisations are proud of their heritage and even claim exclusivity in some cultural developments through the ages. India is no exception. Ancient India was extremely race-conscious and followed a rigid caste system that was enforced by the laws of the land. [While the law of the land in […]

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INDIAN HISTORY Part 20 THE CONCEPT OF STATE AND POLITICAL THOUGHT IN ANCIENT INDIA Section II Feudalism, Governance and Justice

Canberra, 9 December 2013 Vassal Kingdoms and Republican Tribes The concept of feudalism has been defined in various ways in different times and contexts and has connoted different meanings in diverse nations of the world. The understanding of feudalism in its various nuances are not pertinent to this discussion and therefore, the chapter is being […]

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FROM INDUS TO INDEPENDENCE: A TREK THROUGH INDIAN HISTORY: Part 20

 Singapore, 28 November 2013 THE CONCEPT OF STATE AND POLITICAL THOUGHT IN ANCIENT INDIA Section I Statecraft and the Concept of Kingship Early political thought developed in India almost independent of any external influence. There is a distinct difference between the political thought that developed in the Indian sub-continent over the years and the one […]

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FROM INDUS TO INDEPENDENCE: A TREK THROUGH INDIAN HISTORY: Part 19

Kolkatta, 18 November 2013 THROUGH THE AGE OF SANGAM Section II The Society and Government The Sangam literature provides a very accurate, complete and detailed picture of the prevalent society of the time. It is all the more surprising therefore that the same authors have not considered the chronology of the period and the dates […]

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FROM INDUS TO INDEPENDENCE: A TREK THROUGH INDIAN HISTORY: Part 19

Singapore, 5 November 2013 THROUGH THE AGE OF SANGAM The earliest epigraphic mention of the kingdoms of the Tamil country—the peninsular region of the Indian sub-continent below the Deccan plateau—is found in an inscription made by Kharavela, the king of Kalinga during the first half of 2nd century B.C. The inscription is fairly worn out […]

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FROM INDUS TO INDEPENDENCE: A TREK THROUGH INDIAN HISTORY: Part 18

Canberra, 24 October 2013 DECCAN AND PENINSULAR INDIA THE SUCCESSOR DYNASTIES The fall of the Satavahana dynasty after over four centuries of rule—sometimes glorious and at others indifferent—led to the division of the empire, breaking the political unity of the Deccan that had lasted unbroken for over five centuries since the time of the Mauryas. […]

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FROM INDUS TO INDEPENDENCE: A TREK THROUGH INDIAN HISTORY: Part 17

Canberra, 14 October 2013 THE KUSHANS Section II KANISHKA: THE CONQUEROR Kanishka is a name cherished by Indian tradition, famous beyond the geographical limits of the sub-continent, and one that continues to live in the legends of China, Tibet and Mongolia. Strangely, the details of the reign of this powerful ruler is largely unauthenticated and […]

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FROM INDUS TO INDEPENDENCE: A TREK THROUGH INDIAN HISTORY: Part 17

Canberra, 1 October 2013 THE KUSHANS Section I THE BEGINNING Ch’in Shi Huang Ti succeeded in unifying several warring states, who had been fighting each other for centuries, and became Emperor of China in 221.B.C. He initiated a chain of events that had a cascading effect, finally culminating in bringing the Kushan dynasty to power […]

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FROM INDUS TO INDEPENDENCE: A TREK THROUGH INDIAN HISTORY; Part 16

Canberra, 23 September 2013 THE AGE OF DIFFUSION AND DISINTEGRATION (~200 B.C. to 300 A.D.) Section II OF GREEKS AND NOMADS The Yavanas In ancient times, the people who moved eastwards from the other side of the Mediterranean Sea, whether Greeks, Macedonians or Ionians, were all referred to as Yona, Yauna or Yavana, by both […]

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FROM INDUS TO INDEPENDENCE: A TREK THROUGH INDIAN HISTORY Part 16

Canberra, 15 September 2013 THE AGE OF DIFFUSION AND DISINTEGRATION (~ 200 B.C. to 300 A.D.) In early 2nd century B.C. the pan-Indian authority that ruled the sub-continent from its elaborate base at Pataliputra in Magadha came to an end; this also marked the end of the experiment in imposing a centrally controlled imperial government […]

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